Besides sharing its geographic edges or borders with India & China, Nepal also shares history with its two giant neighbors. It was influenced to a large extent by the same events that showed to be turning themes in the history of India and China. The earliest detailed history of Nepal goes back over 2,800 years when a tribe of Mongolian people—the Kiratis—arrived in the Himalayan territory, across the Tibetan plateau. The present tribes of Limbu and Rai are believed to be direct descendants of the Kiratis. From the Indu plains, the Buddhist Shakyas are qualified with announcing Mahayana Buddhism to Nepal and it became the leading religious conviction.
Nepal, the fabled land of Buddha, Hindu temples, and unrivaled mountain scenery, was controlled by a myriad of factions beginning in the 4th century.
Around 300 B.C.E., Nepal acknowledged its second round of migrations from India. The Licchavis and the Guptas attained in Nepal from the north parts of India. The strangers conquered the Kiratis progenies and steered in Hinduism as the official religion of the country and alternated power.
During their 550 year rule, the Mallas built many temples & grand palaces with attractive quadrangles. It was also throughout their rule that civilization and the cities turn into well prepared; spiritual carnivals were presented and fiction, melody and art were fortified. After the death of Yaksha Malla, the valley was separated into three empires: Kathmandu (Kantipur), Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon) and Patan (Lalitpur). Around this time, the Nepal as we know it today was divided into about 46 independent princedoms. One among these was the empire of Gorkha with a Shah ruler. Much of Kathmandu Valley’s history around this time was recorded by Capuchin friars who lived in the valley on their way in and out of Tibet.
The population of Nepal
The population of Nepal was recorded to be about 26.62 million conferring to a recent survey done by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. The population includes of about a 101 cultural groups speaking over 92 languages. The difference in ethnicity is understood more simply with a view of usual layout of the people. Though, there exist many dialects, the language of amalgamation is the national language, Nepali. Nepali is the official language of the state, spoken and understood by majority of the population.
Top Tourist Attraction Places in Nepal
Bhaktapur (bhadgaon): Unlike Kathmandu and Patan which are placed close together, the third of the “Royal Cities”, Bhaktapur deceit some 14 km away, “outside the holy hollow of the Valley” on the old trade route to Tibet. For Bhaktapur the trade route was both arterial link and major source of wealth.
Gorkha: When the Shahs attacked it in the mid 16th c. from West Nepal, Gorkha was probably previously the seat of local rajas. The Shahs themselves are thought to have come formerly from Rajasthan, having been ambitious out by Muslim defeaters.
Langtang National Park Trek: The various zones of the Langtang National Park range from oak and pine woods through sub-Alpine juniper, larches and birch to Alpine bushes, scree slopes and snow. Animals found here include pandas, muntjaks, musk, Himalayan bears, serows and monkeys
Lumbini: Lumbini is amazing only for its quiet, uninterrupted by main festivities and mostly empty of sights. Only a few relics from the dig site continue to tolerate observer to the status of the town and these have come within the outline of the Lumbini Growth Project. Lumbini has been chosen for presence on the UNESCO lean of world cultural sites.
Mount Everest: The uppermost summit on earth – Mount Everest, Sagarmatha is 8848m high. The way to the foot of Mount Everest come to be popular following the, now legendary, first ascent of the peak in 1953 by Edmund Hillary fron new zealans and the Sherpa Tensing Norgay. In 1978 Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler were the first to reach the mountain summit without artificial oxygen.
Patan (Lalitpur): Patan’s strict devotion to a grid design of roads is really outstanding, any curving thoroughfares, endurances from older clearances, being few and far between. The districts are obviously laid out and roomy, the wide streets more exactly paved than in the other majestic cities.